No one knows exactly dates when the black tea appeared. Historians claim that the first black dried up leaves of the tea bush began to be used in ancient China about five thousand years ago. But in China black tea is called red, and he's much less popular than the green. Sri Lanka and India have become the major producers of black tea over the time .
In Russia, black tea has always been in the first place. Although, in recent years, its position noticeably shaken, and a growing number of Russians prefer to drink green tea or white, as well as flavored varieties.
Black teas are many, and they can be divided in composition or in growing areas.
Methods of processing of black tea is also not enough. It can be baikhovi and granulated, compacted into tiles or put up in bags.
So what is it like the black tea? It is curious that it is made from the same leaves of the tea bush, as the green. However, the processing of tea leaves here proceeds differently (withering, twisting, holding in moisture, exposure to strong enough fermentation). During the fermentation period green leaves changed to black tea –acquired dark leaf color and more intense flavour.
By the way, the taste and aroma of black tea depends on many factors - the growing area, the varieties of the tea bush, and the degree of fermentation. Appearance of tea leaves in different varieties too different - the color can vary from greenish-brown to black and even dark red, and the size and shape, they can be as tightly rolled strips elongated and slightly compressed sheets.
Black tea is rich in various vitamins and minerals, and the caffeine in tea acts on the human body more softly than the caffeine in coffee. The medicinal properties of tea are widely used for the treatment and prevention of many renal, pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases.
Normalization of metabolism, strengthening blood vessels, increasing lung ventilation – They are only a fraction of the benefits that brings black tea to the human body. This drink is perfectly refreshes the central nervous system, which is very helpful in general weakness, and fluoride in tea prevents tooth decay.
Black tea is rapidly absorbed, very good thirst quencher, and normalizes the body temperature regulation, and helps people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and also contain antibacterial properties .